Organic fabric: lessons learned and technology of the future
The modern world is actively striving for environmental friendliness. People in metropolitan cities are concerned about the food they eat and what they drink, in what way they get their products and how they process information, how they wash their hair and body, how they sort garbage and how their waste is recycled, what clothes they wear and what materials are used to produce them. Since these trends are gathering rapidly organic fabric seems to have become a significant component of a conscious lifestyle.
What is organic fabric?
Such fabrics are produced using eco materials without chemicals to avoid harming humans and the environment. The main idea behind this process is that the ready-made fabric is neither dyed by chemical nor bleached with aggressive additives.
The most popular eco fabrics are linen and cotton, but there are also uncommon ones in which nettle and hemp serve as raw materials.
Organic cotton or bio-cotton is the leader in that segment. The plant is grown without chemicals and has standards approved in the USA and European countries. For example, plantation soil must not been fertilized with pesticides for at least 3 years before the plant will be cultivated. Moreover, cotton itself must not contain GMOs to produce organic fabrics. Cotton is considered to be absolutely safe for humans since clothes produced from organic cotton are recommended to be worn by people with eczema or allergies.
Linen is one of the more popular and beloved organic materials. It is grown in areas with a moderate subtropical climate, as well as in countries where it has long been cultivated by the local population and used as a crop (in the region where it was used to produce flaxseed oil, for example). Linen has a long history since historically linen canvases were used in ancient Egypt.
Linen allows you to transform and create different textures: starting from a thin canvas and ending up with a rough material. These fabrics quickly remove excessive moisture. This feature is widely appreciated by citizens of hot countries. Dresses made of linen are usually comfortable and pleasing to the body.
Perhaps, it will be a surprise for you but nettle clothing exists. The fabric is made from nettles (ramie), which grow mainly on the West of Asia, where the plant was traditionally used in ancient times. However, the plant is not grown on an industrial scale - this makes the fabric rare and expensive enough for mass production.
The fabric made from hemp fibers is called a hump. Its main features are strength and durability. Hampa products are easily washed in hot water (up to 90 C), and the fabric is not waterproof even in the salty sea water. Due to its unique features, this material was used to produce sailor’s clothes during the Middle Ages. Furthermore, already in the 19th century, the finest hemp shirts became fashionable and were worn by real dandies. Hemp eco-style, isn’t a new trend?
Henry Ford was the first to rave about soy fiber. In the 30s in the previous century, he wore costumes made from soy canvases as they were beautiful, practical, did not fade, and surprisingly quickly became dry after washing. When it comes to washing, soy fabric can be perfectly washed in water without any additives, such as detergent or soap.
Giorgio Armani adores corn fabric. It can not be considered completely natural, but thanks to innovative technology, the threads are obtained from starch. The fabric is synthetic, but it is also biodegradable. The beneficial features of corn fabric include hypoallergenicity, protection against sunburn, excellent moisture absorption and quick to dry.
Algae and crab shells
For the production of these organic fabrics, special Icelandic algae are commonly used as a raw material. Such tissues have an antimicrobial effect since they are enriched with silver. They positively affect the human body and state of the skin. The "crab" fabric differs a bit from other materials. Such tissues are made from shells, this is the so-called chitin rayon. Products made of such material stand out from other fabrics due to their durability and have a strong healing effect on the human skin. Fashion designers from Japan have introduced these fabrics to the world of fashion because of their therapeutic effect.
Silk remains to be a traditional material for many centuries. Today, the so-called humane silk is considered to be the most eco-friendly and safe for the environment. Cocoons for the production of fibers are collected only when the silkworm has already climbed out of it. Silkworms are not killed, which means clothes produced from natural fabrics are fully organic.
Optical illusion: Eco-friendly Fabrics
Currently, there are many new fabrics in the niche of organic clothes such as: fleece, polar, bamboo canvas, etc. Both bamboo and viscose are the so-called artificial fabrics regardless of the fact that they are of natural origin - wood fibers. Viscose, for example, has been produced since the end of the 19th century but is considered artificial due to production technologies (chemical reactions and substances are added when the wood is converted into fiber). Similarly, fleece, which in some sources is positioned as a super new material or invention, is made of plastic using chemicals and additives.
The main idea behind using organic fabrics is to take one step towards rational consumption and establish harmony of aesthetics and ethics. Organic fabrics foster interest in manual labor and significantly reduce the popularity of fabrics manufactured at large plants. “Artificial” fabrics can be compared to the indelible plastic that pollutes our planet. This pollution frequently results in allergies and diseases. Organic fabrics are currently in the center of the designers’ attention. They are increasingly used for tailoring expensive collections or casual wear.
A new trend has appeared in modern society - concern for the environment and human health, and organic fabrics perfectly align with this tendency. Made from natural materials, they do not require a large amount of energy and water for production. At the same time, they are perfectly recycled reducing a carbon footprint on the Earth.